Hypothyroid: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment in Ayurveda

Hypothyroidism is a word very familiar to everyone these days. There seems to be an increase in the cases of Hypothyroidism detected. It has now become a prevalent medical condition, easily treatable with medicines and therapies. About 12% of the population experiences thyroid disorders and women are 8 times more likely to be diagnosed with thyroid disorder than men.

The Thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the throat. It is responsible for the release of the thyroid hormone. The thyroid hormone is one of the major hormones secreted in the body as it is responsible for the metabolism and growth and repair of the body and also maintains the energy levels as a result. Hypothyroidism or also known as an underactive thyroid is a state where the thyroid gland fails to produce the necessary amount of the thyroid hormone required to maintain the homeostasis in the body.

Hypothyroidism is caused due to many conditions like a faulty lifestyle caused by bad dietary habits and sedentary life; an autoimmune condition called Hashimoto thyroiditis, tumor in the pituitary gland causing secondary hypothyroid, complete or partial removal of the thyroid gland and hereditary factors.

A decrease in the thyroid levels in the body causes several symptoms, the key signs being unexplained weight gain, feeling of fatigue and lethargy, increased hair fall, constipation, mood swings and depression and dry skin.

Hypothyroidism is diagnosed mainly by testing blood for Thyroid stimulating hormone, T3 and T4 levels.

The Ayurvedic line of treatment involves stimulating the metabolism and the medo dhatvagni. The medicines and therapies like Vamana, Virechana, Udwartana, and Shirodhara target the kapha meda metabolism to bring back the state of equilibrium in the body. Ayurvedic medicines like Medhohara Syrup-A, Varanadi Kashaya, Kanchanara guggulu are widely prescribed by the Ayurvedic physicians, after a thorough assessment of the patient’s condition.

The treatment of Hypothyroid doesn’t end with just therapies and medications. A counseling session to the patient, with regards to diet and lifestyle, is an essential part of the line of treatment adopted. It is important to spread awareness regarding the treatment options available for hypothyroid, in Indian systems of medicine.

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